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双语课堂常规用语

文章来源:教务处 发布时间:2006年03月18日 点击数: 字体:

一、打招呼 (Greetings)
Good morning, class.Good afternoon, class 4.Good morning, everybody.Good afternoon, everyone.Good morning, boys and girls.Good afternoon, children.How are you all today?Are you all well this morning? 打招呼之后,可以增加一两句(Beginning a chat)Well, did you have a good weekend?Well, did you enjoy the holiday?Well, what did you do yesterday evening?Tell me what you did at the weekend? 谈谈学生衣着发型也可以:Oh, you've got a new dress on. It's very nice.Oh, you've got a new hair style.
二、考勤(Checking attendance)
1.点名
Right ! I'm going to call the row.OK ! Listen while I call your names.Now ! I'll take the register.Quiet f now, please. Listen while I see if you're all here.
2.问缺席情况
Now ! Let's see who's absent.Right ! Let's see if anyone's away.Is anybody absent?Is everybody here?
3. 关照新生
Oh, are you new?OK, are you a pupil?You have just come to this class (school), haven't you?Where do you come from?What's your name?Do you like the school?Welcome to our class.
4. 谈缺勤原因
Where's Wang Hai?Does anyone know where Li is?Can anyone tell me where Liu has gone?Who knows when he will be back?Han Meimei is ill today, isn't she?
5. 关照病愈者
You were absent for three lessons last week.Did you catch a cold?Oh, I'm sorry.You'll catch up l won't you?Don't worry.You've been absent for days, haven't you?You were away last lesson, weren't you?' What was the matter?Why were you away?Are you better?How are you feeling now?Do you feel better?Well, Jane, ask your friends to help you.OK, you'd better ask your neighbour to tell you what we've done.Come and see me after the lesson, OK?
三.介绍
Now, let me introduce myself.I'll just tell you a bit about myself.My name is..., spelt...I've been teaching in the school for 1O years.I come from Shanghai.I worked for a newspaper until last year.And what about you?Will you introduce yourselves?
四.开始谈话T: I went to the Summer Palace (引出话题)Yesterday. Did any of you go?No?... Well, (无人回答,问某一学生)What did you do, -.. er... Zhang Hong.Zhang:... er... I-. - er. -. in home. (学生响应断断续续)T: Oh, you stayed at home. (“搭救“说话的学生 )Zhang: Yes, I stay at home. T: OK, you stayed at home. (暗中纠正时态)What did you do then?Zhang:... TV...T: Oh, you watched television 9 didn't you? Which programme? (继续问下去困难,可就此打住 )有关用语还有:Tell me what you did 1ast night.Will you te11 me a bit about your weekend?Could you tell us more about the programme?How did you like yesterday's party?五.建议 (Suggesting)
Let's go through the text.Could you open your textbook and find Ex. 5 on page 45?Could you take out the cards?Will you all think of some questions to ask each other?Will you get together in groups and discuss the idea?Try to think it out for yourself.Let's work out how you could plan your piece of writing.Now you've answered all the questions in full. You need to say a bit more about that.You'd better get that right.
六.提起注意 (Directing students' attention)
Quiet, now, please. Let's work in pairs.Will you face the people in front of you?Fine. Look again carefully.Are you ready to listen?Are you all listening? OK, then.Now then something new! Let's change the topic.That was quite good, let's do it once more.
七.请求(Making polite requests)
Could you possibly plug the cassette player in for me?Can you check the switch is on?Will you go and fetch some chalk?Will you find the wall charts?Has anybody seen the stick/tape/drawing pins?Please could you put it up here?Please would you mind cleaning the board?
八.指导 (Giving instructions)
1. 纠正语音
You'd better listen again.Will you listen carefully?Now listen to the sound [a:].Not [a ], like this - you try.Don't forget it's <] not [a ] in and.Now listen. There's something different, What's different? Listen.
2. 启发思路
Suppose a friend needs advice on the subject-You could agree with the other person and say something else.You may ask the reason.Shal1 1 demonstrate? Keep to the same pattern, ~ OK?What do you think the author will say next?I'll give you a cue. It's something to do with -.Let me give you some help. When did the man use the word?
3. 介绍方法
You'd better put them together-Ask each other questions to find out what is different.Look at the sentence before and see if you can guess.You sort out these sentences, then copy them, taking care with capital letters.You fill the blanks in these sentences, then write them neatly.
4. 示范动作
Look at what I'm doing.You may do as I do.Please look at my mouth, like this -.
九 宣告 (Announcements)
1.宣布教学计划
Today we're going to do three main things.First l I'm going to introduce a few new words about weather. Then you're going to write a dialogue and act it out. After that, we are going to learn a new song.
2. 宣布某些事项
I have something to tell you before you go.There's a club meeting on Saturday. If you want to attend it, please write your name on thispiece of paper.
3. 宣布教学项目
Well, now, we're going to practise a short dialogue.l want to introduce to you a new programme now.
十.解释 (Explaining)
Listen to me and I'll explain the meaning of the word.Let me use the picture to show its meaning.The word ends in 'tion' so it must be a noun-Let's see if you can guess. I'll give you an example: -.We can use this sentence to express -.What does it mean in the context? It's clear that the man used it to blame the boy.Look at the picture here- The man is standing by the window. Perhaps he is interested inWhat is happening in the street.What might happen in a few minutes? The boy is getting angry with Mary.There are three people sitting by the river. They are looking at the ship. The ship is very beautiful.
十一.禁止 (Forbidding)
T: OK t everybody. Quiet now please! No more talking.Wang Hai, stop chatting now. And you, Li Guang! Whose turn is it?S: It's my turn. (教学继续进行......)No talking!No chattingStop making a noise.Without disturbing the others. No more shouting !客气一些:Please will you stop interrupting the others JWould you mind not whispering?严重一些:There'll be trouble if you go on disturbing the others'I'll report you to Miss Zhou if you go on being silly !更严重些:You shouldn't be have (be behaving) like that!Why are you passing notes?You can't copy ! Do it on your own !No dreaming1 Wake up! -Stop turning round !训练中禁止No writing while I'm talking.Don't move your lips while (you're) reading.No, Wang Hai, that's not the way to learn English properly'No, Han Meimei, it's not good to do pair practice like that-You're doing it the wrong way.
十二.指命 (Issuing a command)
By yourself. This is practice for the exam.Books closed.Back into groups, each person can say it in turn.You work in twos with two pictures.Silence.Quiet please.Stop now.Watch how I write it.Watch how to do it.Now, turn round, face the back ) without looking at the board.
十三.警告(Warning)
Careful. This is a hard sentence-Don't forget to write neatly.Make sure your spaces between words are clear.See that your 'U's are different from your 'v' s.Copy them taking care with spelling.Watch your punctuation.
十四、评价 (Evaluating)
Wonderful !Good !Very good JThat was good.Not bad-Well done.That was a little better, but...That's much better, but you forgot something when you pronouncedDon't you think you have made a little progress?Nearly right, but you'd better...That was not quite right, you didn't...That doesn't sound very good.Not really ! /Not quite! /Watch me and I'll show you.

 

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